The OBTH agreement establishes non-discrimination obligations with respect to technical rules, standards and compliance assessment procedures. It also requires that these measures, where they exist, be based on international standards and not be prepared, adopted or implemented in such a way as to create unnecessary barriers to international trade. Trade Policy and Negotiations, International Strategy and Competitiveness DepartmentMinister of Employment, Trade and TechnologyThe administration of British ColumbiaPhone: 778-698-8752Fax: 250-952-0716Website: www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/employment-business/international-investment-and-trade/trade-agreement-policy Facilitation: A term used to refer to a tightening of trade and customs procedures. New rules are under way in the WTO. General information on EU trade agreements, EU trade agreements and EU customs unions. The basic principles of most trade agreements are simple and are probably already reflected in the way municipalities do business. They are essentially calling for non-discrimination and disciplines to promote a degree of fairness. Article III of the GATS contains transparency provisions, which focus on state rules. They are important given the impact that the rules can have on trade in services.
Additional rules on trade-distorting subsidies in the services sector are being considered by WTO members, in accordance with Article XV of the GATS. However, discussions have not made significant progress and continue to focus on fundamental issues, including what is a trade-distorting subsidy in the services context. Article XIV (general exceptions) and Article XIV bis (security exceptions) may also be relevant to municipalities. Article XIV measures include: (a) measures necessary to protect public morality or maintain public order; b) are necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health; or (c) are necessary to ensure compliance with laws or regulations that are not incompatible with the agreement (for example. B, data protection legislation, security). Measures incompatible with national treatment and GATS requirements may, in certain circumstances, fall under Article XIV. These measures are, however, “subject to the requirement that such measures not be applied in a manner that constitutes a means of arbitrary or unjustified discrimination between countries where similar conditions apply or to a disguised restriction on trade in services”.” This part of the manual is intended to help municipalities determine whether certain types of measures normally taken at the local level can be subject to the provisions of international trade agreements to which Canada is a party. To this end, key questions are asked to assess the status of local measures and examples of how these issues can be applied. These questions and examples focus on the following areas of municipal activity: at the end of formal negotiations, the draft text is usually signed by the chief negotiators. The result is a legal review of the negotiated text, as agreed by the chief negotiators.
At this stage, the parties` contract experts are cooperating to verify the text to verify that the language reflects the intention of the negotiators and respects the obligations of countries under other agreements. The translation of the text is also part of this phase, as needed. While Canada is a party to several international trade agreements that contain specific public procurement commitments, the only one that contains international commitments at the local level is CETA between Canada and the EU.